The Sendai Framework was built in 2015 with the emphasis on disaster risk management and a broadened focus to both natural and man-made hazards and related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks. Health resilience has since been strongly promoted throughout. In the Framework, there is a highlighted goal in strengthening of disaster risk governance, including national platforms; accountability for disaster risk management; preparedness to “Build Back Better”; recognition of stakeholders and their roles; mobilization of risk-sensitive investment to avoid the creation of new risk; resilience of health infrastructure, cultural heritage and work-places. Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels is of great importance for an effective and efficient management of disaster risk. Strengthening disaster risk governance for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation is necessary and fosters collaboration and partnership across mechanisms and institutions for the implementation of instruments relevant to disaster risk reduction and sustainable development.
In the world’s fight against coronavirus, some countries have been demonstrating effective responses through organized operations and involved communities, while other countries are still struggled. Some main crutches to those countries who are struggled seem to be ‘disinformation’ and ‘demonisation’ according to many media reports and articles.However, there has been little discussion in the international arena in systematically incorporating ‘Disaster Risk Governance’ in dealing with COVID-19 risks and crisis, even for those countries who are relatively successful so far.
The main purposed of this joint project is to understand how disaster risk governance is taken into consideration in fighting against coronavirus at different countries. We propose to document and analyze how the joined advanced industrial societies manage risks. We will analyze the effects of COVID-19, and assess the governance and public education in place to communicate its risk prior to and during the disasters, and how governments have responded since. We aim to assess how measures, tools, and governance structures can help to reduce biological risk and increase societal resilience, with a special focus on the importance of assessing, communicating, and managing risks.
Understanding and comparing how these countries assess and manage risk and crisis beyond design or expectation in the entire risk management cycle can allow us to identify more robust risk reduction strategies, especially regarding risk communication, that can be implemented elsewhere, enabling to enhanced societal resilience in the future.
WUN Proposal Project Coordinator and Contact: Professor Hsiao-Wen Wang